Stay Safe: Avoiding investment scams.

Your guide to the Wilderness just finished reading one of the always-excellent BBC longreads on the subject of Ruja Ignatova, the “CryptoQueen” behind OneCoin. I fully recommend giving the full article a read but the short version is there is every sign OneCoin is a scam, and Ms. Ignatova has gone missing.

It’s unspeakably sad to read of those OneCoin was sold to, some of whom have invested large amounts and in the most extreme cases their life savings. It’s honestly sickening.

One of the difficult things when first looking to invest is knowing what’s good and what’s bad, and unfortunately the internet can be slightly the “Wild West” in this regard. I was appalled when writing recent articles on credit card debt just how many appalling rip-offs I found when doing research on previous articles. I purposefully chose not to run ads on this website despite that being my original intention as I was finding the keyword of “finance” hitting onto this blog was providing adverts to financial schemes I was simply not comfortable with.

As mentioned in a previous article – I fully believe you should be investing your money – but The Financial Wilderness always believes this should be carefully and safety.

So I wanted to write a guide today all about protecting yourself – questions to ask, things to watch out for. Let’s begin.

Wealth is built slowly and with commitment and discipline. Not fast.

Oh man – If I could sum up this article in one it would be with the above.

We all want it – the big home run hit. The lottery win. The thing that solves all our problems and worries in one fell swoop, leaving us with a lifestyle with abundance and ease. There’s something in our psyche that absolutely loves the idea of taking one big risk that pays off massively, showing ’em all we found that one thing everyone else passed by. We love a success story – but beware, because they’re very very rare.

The issues with many scams or questionable investments are they play on our emotions – often we’re made to think that someone has this investment which is “about to take off” or be “the next big thing.” Often this argument is made powerful by the fact that it’s price has legitimately been going up, which causes us to fear being left behind and be the one who looks stupid.

To put this in context, this is nothing new! In 1637 (yep, that old) the Dutch Tulip Bulb suddenly became incredibly fashionable. Word spread – you needed these tulip bulbs…..EVERYONE was about to want their produce. So people began stockpiling them. Historical records are limited but it’s estimated they started to sell for 10 times the price of an average craftman’s annual salary. Suddenly, the market realised that the demand wasn’t there – and the price collapsed.

You might spend £2 on a lottery ticket hoping to hit the jacket. You wouldn’t spend £10,000 on tickets. (If you would, I’m tempted to march over there right now and give you a good talking to!) To invest in these is doing just that – many products of this nature (especially in the cyptocurrency/ICO) space are essentially untested prototypes, and that’s being rather generous to some of the products in that market.

So if you’re hearing you can’t miss out, let that be your trigger for alarm bells – not reaching for your wallet. Always check those emotions.

Educate yourself – and make sure you think.

Some of the most dangerous culprits out there tell us exactly what we want to hear. Many of the most dangerous culprits feature words like “risk free” and guaranteed returns.

Sounds awesome right? Buyer beware – we can challenge this with a good logic test based on some of the real truisms of investing:

“When we invest, we trade away some benefit of having our money directly to hand. In essence we always accept some kind of risk, in exchange for potential return.”

and

“It makes logical sense to minimise risk and maximise return”.

So taking this – if something is advertised as risk free, why is it giving me a return? No one gives you money for doing nothing. Chances are you’re not being told about the risk.

Guaranteed returns? Pshaw. Investing is fundamentally to take some from of risk, you just want it to be sensible. Always look for the evidence, and if someone isn’t being honest with you about that, run.

You can really protect yourself by learning about what these products are doing with your money. (The Financial Wilderness will shortly run through some legitimate financial products and talk through some of the benefits and risks of each – watch this space).

Think about who you’re investing with

There’s an old saying that it takes a lifetime to build a reputation, but it’s true – people will keep investing with somewhere that treats their money responsibly.

Make sure you research who you’re giving your money to. How long have they been in business? Are they well known? How quickly can you withdraw your money? How much are they charging you for your services?

The Wilderness always advocates investing with a well-known company with a strong history and reputation. Never ever give your money to anyone you don’t know the background of, or anyone that’s cold-called you.

Don’t believe symbols

The world of badges and approvals can be a rather misleading one. Just because a firm says it’s approved by a regulator doesn’t mean that actually in the case, and you should check that. Even if it is, it’s not as clear-cut as you might believe (part of the business can be legitimately approved, whilst other riskier activities can actually be unregulated activities).

Keep your eyes and ears open, folks! The FCA’s ScamSmart website has some additional tips and allows you to report and suspicious schemes.

Stay safe out there people!

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